地市
新都教学点

 地址:新都镇兴乐北路1288号派都广场A座4楼17号

 电话:028-82005799/19938477370

宜宾教学点

 地址:宜宾市翠屏区东街与民主路路口名城商城4楼

 电话:028-82005799

雅安教学点

 地址:雅安市雨城区大地影院2楼

 电话:028-82005799/18141378923

乐山教学点

 地址:乐山市中区老公园总工会5楼(老年大学旁)

 电话:028-82005799/18188343237

绵阳教学点

 地址:绵阳市涪城区西南科技大学新区青阳中街14号

 电话:028-82005799/17740904611/18111651643

南充教学点

 地址:南充市师大路一段210号华府丽都

 电话:028-82005799/17719811995

 您所在的位置:四川中公考研 > 备考资料 > 考研真题 > 2019考研英语二阅读理解试题原文

2019考研英语二阅读理解试题原文

来源:四川中公考研 发布日期:2019-06-26 17:23:27

2020考研择校择专业指导群
点击关注“四川中公考研”新浪微博,与博主互动获取考研上名校技巧
点击关注“四川中公考研”微信公众号,第一时间获取最新考研资讯
一对一择校择专业指导周末面授班半年暑期集训营
亲爱的各位小可爱们,本文是四川中公考研网小编整理的关于“2019考研英语二阅读理解试题原文",的相关资讯信息,供大家参考,希望对你们有所帮助。另外每天都要对自己所学的知识学会“复盘”哦。
  2019年全国硕士研究生招生考试
  英语(二)试题
  Section II Reading Comprehension
  Part A
  Directions:
  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)
  Text 1
  Unlike so-called basic emotions, such as sadness, fear and anger, guilt emerges a little later, in conjunction with a child’s growing grasp of social and moral norms. Children aren’t born knowing how to say “ I’m sorry”; rather, they learn over time that such statements appease parents and friends—and their own consciences. This is why researchers generally regard so-called moral guilt, in the right moment, to be a good thing.
  In the popular imagination, of course, guilt stills gets a bad rap. It is deeply uncomfortable—it’s the emotional equivalent ... stones. Yet this understanding is outdated. “There has been a kind of revival or a rethinking about what guilt is and what role guilt can serve,” says Amrisha Vaish, a psychology researcher at the University of Virginia, adding that this revival is part of a larger recognition that emotions aren’t binary—feeling that may be advantageous in one context may be harmful in another. Jealousy and anger, for example, may have evolved to alert us to important inequalities. Too much happiness may be destructive.
  And guilt, by prompting us to think more deeply about our goodness, can encourage humans to make up for errors and fix relationships. Guilt, in other words, can help hold a cooperative species together. It is a kind of social glue.
  Viewed in this light, guilt is an opportunity. Work by Tina Malti, a psychology professor at the University of Toronto, suggests that guilt may compensate for an emotional deficiency. In a number of studies, Malti and others have shown that guilt and sympathy may represent different pathways to cooperation and sharing. Some kids... may make up for that shortfall by experiencing more guilt, which can rein in their nastier impulses. And vice versa: High sympathy can substitute for low guilt.
  In a 2014 study, for example, Malti looked at 244 children. Using caregiver assessments and the children’ self-observations, she rated each child’s overall sympathy level and his or her tendency to feel negative emotions after moral transgressions. Then the kids were handed chocolate coins, and given a chance to share them with an anonymous child. For the low-sympathy kids, how much they shared appeared to turn on how inclined they were to feel guilty. The guilt-prone ones shared more, even though they hadn’t magically become more sympathetic to the other child’s deprivation.
  “That’s good news,” Malti says. “We can be prosocial because we caused harm and we feel regret.”
  21. Researchers think that guilt can be a good thing because it may help______.
  [A] regulate a child’s basic emotions
  [B] improve a child’s intellectual ability
  [C] foster a child’ moral development
  [D] intensify a child’s positive feelings
  22. According to Paragraph 2, many people still consider guilt to be______.
  [A] deceptive
  [B] burdensome
  [C] additive
  [D] inexcusable
  23. Vaish told that the rethinking about guilt comes from an awareness that______.
  [A] emotions are context-independent
  [B] emotions are socially constructive
  [C] emotional stability can benefit health
  [D] an emotion can play opposing roles
  24. Malti and others have shown that cooperation and sharing______.
  [A] may help correct emotional deficiencies
  [B] can result from either sympathy or guilt
  [C] can bring about emotional satisfaction
  [D] may be the outcome of impulsive acts
  25. The word “transgressions” (line 4, Para.5) is closest in meaning to______.
  [A] teachings
  [B] discussions
  [C] restrictions
  [D] wrongdoings
  Section II Reading Comprehension
  Part A
  Directions:
  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)
  Text 2
  Forgets give us shade, quiet and one of the harder challenges in the fight against climate change. Even as we humans count on forests to soak up a good share of the carbon dioxide we produce, we are threatening their ability to do so. The climate change we are hastening could one day leave us with forests that emit more carbon than they absorb.
  Thankfully, there is a way out of this trap—but it involves striking a subtle balance. Helping forests flourish as valuable “carbon sinks” long into the future may require reducing their capacity to absorb carbon now. California is leading the way, as it does on so many climate efforts, in figuring out the details.
  The state’s proposed... efforts to thin out young trees and clear brush in parts of the forest. This temporarily lowers carbon-carrying capacity. But the remaining trees draw a greater share of the available moisture, so they grow and thrive, restoring the forest’s capacity to pull carbon from the air. Healthy trees are also better able to fend off insects. The landscape is rendered less easily burnable. Even in the event of a fire, fewer trees are consumed.
  The need for such planning is increasingly urgent. Already, since 2010, drought and insects have killed over 100 million trees in California, most of them in 2016 alone, and wildfires have burned hundreds of thousands of acres.
  California plans to treat 35,000 acres of forest a year by 2020, and 60,000 by 2030—financed from the proceeds of the state’s emissions-permit auctions. That’s only a small share of the total acreage that could benefit, about half a million acres in all, so it will be vital to prioritize areas at greatest risk of fire of drought.
  The strategy also aims to ensure that carbon in woody material removed from the forests is locked away in the form of solid lumber or burned as biofuel in vehicles that would otherwise run on fossil fuels. New research on transportation biofuels is already under way.
  State governments are well accustomed to managing forests, but traditionally they’ve focused on wildlife, watersheds and opportunities for recreation. Only recently have they come to see the vital part forests will have to play in storing carbon. California’s plan, which is expected to be finalized by the governor next year, should serve as a model.
  26. By saying “one of the harder challenges,” the author implies that .
  [A] global climate change may get out of control
  [B] people may misunderstand global warming
  [C] extreme weather conditions may arise
  [D] forests may become a potential threat
  27. The maintain forests as valuable “carbon sinks,” we may need to .
  [A] preserve the diversity of species in them
  [B] accelerate the growth of young trees
  [C] strike a balance among different plants
  [D] lower their present carbon-absorbing capacity
  28. California’s Forest Carbon Plan endeavors to .
  [A] cultivate more drought-resistant trees
  [B] reduce the density of some of its forests
  [C] find more effective ways to kill insects
  [D] restore its forests quickly after wildfires
  29. What is essential to California’s plan according to Paragraph 5?
  [A] To handle the areas in serious danger first.
  [B] To carry it out before the year of 2020.
  [C] To perfect the emissions-permit auctions.
  [D] To obtain enough financial support.
  30. The author’s attitude to California’s plan can best be described as .
  [A] ambiguous
  [B] tolerant
  [C] supportive
  [D] cautious
  Section II Reading Comprehension
  Text 3
  American farmers have been complaining of labor shortages for several years. The complaints are unlikely to stop without an overhaul of immigration rules for farm workers.
  Congress has obstructed efforts to create a more straightforward visa for agricultural workers that would let foreign workers stay longer in the U.S. and change jobs within the industry. If this doesn’t change, American businesses, communities, and consumers will be the losers.
  Perhaps half of U.S. farm laborers are undocumented immigrants. As fewer such workers enter the country, the characteristics of the agricultural workforce are changing. Today’s farm laborers, while still predominantly born in Mexico, are more likely to be settled rather than migrating and more likely to be married than single. They’re also aging. At the start of this century, about one-third of crop workers were over the age of 35. Now more than half are. And picking crops is hard on older bodies. One oft-debated cure for this labor shortage remains as implausible as it’s been all along: Native U.S. workers won’t be returning to the farm.
  Mechanization isn’t the answer, either—not yet, at least. Production of corn, cotton, rice, soybeans, and wheat has been largely mechanized, but many high-value, labor-intensive crops, such as strawberries, need labor. Even dairy farms, where robots do a small share of milking, having a long way to go before they’re automated.
  As a result, farms... temporary guest workers using the H-2A visa to fill the gaps in the workforce. Starting around 2012, requests for the visas rose sharply; from 2011 to 2016 the number of visas issued more than doubled.
  The H-2A visa has no numerical cap, unlike the H-2B visa for nonagricultural work, which is limited to 66,000 a year. Even so, employers complain they aren’t given all the workers they need. The process is cumbersome, expensive, and unreliable. One survey found that bureaucratic delays led the average H-2A worker to arrive.... late. The shortage is compounded by federal immigration raids, which remove some workers and drive others underground.
  In a 2012 survey, 71 percent of tree-fruit growers and almost 80 percent of raisin and berry growers said they short of labor. Some western farmers have responded by moving operations to Mexico. From 1998 to 2000, 14.5 percent of the fruit Americans consumed was imported. Little more than a decade later, the share of imports was 25.8 percent.
  In effect, the U.S. can import food or it can import the workers who pick it.
  31. What problem should be addressed according to the first two paragraphs?
  [A] Discrimination against foreign workers in the U.S.
  [B] Flaws in the U.S. immigration rules for farm workers.
  [C] Biased laws in favor of some American businesses.
  [D] Decline of job opportunities in U.S. agriculture.
  32. One trouble with the U.S. agricultural workforce is .
  [A] the rising number of illegal immigrants
  [B] the high mobility of crop workers
  [C] the aging of immigrant farm workers
  [D] the lack of experienced laborers
  33. What is the much-argued solution to the labor shortage in U.S. farming?
  [A] To get native U.S. workers back to farming.
  [B] To attract younger labors to farm work.
  [C] To use more robots to grow high-value crops.
  [D] To strengthen financial support for farmers.
  34. Agricultural employers complain about the H-2A visa for its .
  [A] control of annual admissions
  [B] limit on duration of stay
  [C] tightened requirements
  [D] slow granting procedures
  35. Which of the following could be the best title for this text?
  [A] Import Food or Labor?
  [B] U.S. Agriculture in Decline?
  [C] America Saved by Mexico?
  [D] Manpower vs. Automation?
         以上是四川中公考研小编为您整理的"2019考研英语二阅读理解试题原文”预祝每位考生取得好成绩,更多考研常识相关内容尽在四川中公考研真题频道,中公考研为广大学子推出乐学面授课、VIP一对一等系列备考课程,针对每一个科目要点进行深入的指导分析,欢迎各位考生了解咨询。同时,中公考研一直为大家推出考研直播课堂,足不出户就可以边听课边学习,为大家的考研梦想助力!

成都研招网精华文章推荐:
注意!今年起没有学位证将不能参加考研?
浙江理工大学考研报录比及历年试题汇总

每年考研预报名都有人栽跟头!9月预报名千万注意这几点!
山东大学2020年806-社会调查研究方法考研初试自命题考试大纲
2020考研秋季集训营

免责声明:本站所提供的内容均来源于网友提供或网络搜集,由本站编辑整理,仅供个人研究、交流学习使用,不涉及商业盈利目的。如涉及版权问题,请联系本站管理员予以更改或删除。

【责任编辑:白红梅】

上一篇: 2019考研英语二完形填空试题原文

下一篇: 2019考研英语二新题型试题原文

考研免费题库

考研指导图书

中公考研课堂

  • 公共课
  • |专业课
课程系列 班次名称 价格 免费试听
考研政治网络课堂 2020考研政治全程班 ¥980.00  免费试听
2020考研政治全程协议班 ¥1080.00  免费试听
考研英语网络课堂 2020考研英语一全程班 ¥980.00  免费试听
2020考研英语二全程班 ¥980.00  免费试听
考研数学网络课堂 2020考研数学一全程班 ¥980.00  免费试听
2020考研数学二全程班 ¥980.00  免费试听
2020考研数学三全程班 ¥980.00  免费试听
20专业课精品班 2020考研经济学全科精品班 ¥3040.00  免费试听
2020考研中国美术史精讲班 ¥1080.00  免费试听
2020考研管理学全科精品班 ¥3040.00  免费试听
课程系列 班次名称 价格 免费试听
经济学精品班 2020考研经济学全科精品班 ¥3040.00  免费试听
教育学精品班 2020考研教育学全科精品班 ¥3040.00  免费试听
2020考研教育学精品班 ¥1880.00  免费试听
法学精品班 2020考研法律硕士(法学)精品班 ¥1880.00  免费试听
20考研法律硕士(非法学)精品班 ¥1880.00  免费试听
管理学精品班 2020考研管理学精品班(周三多) ¥1580.00  免费试听
2020考研管理学全科精品班 ¥3040.00  免费试听
 2021考研乐学周末班

乐学周末班;再度升级;带你C位出道;为您量身定制考研辅导方案;提供差异化考研辅导。仅需¥1.8万元GO>

 报2021考研预科班

院长导学课、择校择专业指导、考研学习大礼包、公共课全年复习规划、超值体验营仅需¥:49元GO>


  •  
历年国家复试线

报考信息

备考指导

四川中公考研

 成都市武侯区领事馆路9号保利中心C座12楼

 网址:sc.kaoyan365.cn

 电话:028-6756-8836

咨询时间

周一至周日 9:00-18:00 全年无休在线客服